英文重点词语辨析之介词汇总,绝对实用!

zhaoshengjiqiao 2019-06-17 22:20:51

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1.above / over / on / up

above:在……之上。指某物高过于另一物,与below相对。例如:

例:The water came above our knees.(水深及膝之上。)

over:在……之上。指某物在另一物的正上方,互不接触,与under相对。例如:

例:The lamp hangs over the table.

on:在……之上。指某物在另一物的上面,并相互接触。例如:

例:The lamp stands on the table.

up:在……之上。指由低向高。例如:

例:As they went up the mountain, they had to stop from time to time.

2.across / over / through

across:横过。指在同一平面上或成十字交叉穿过。例如:

例:He was leading the blind man across the street. (他带着那个盲人过街。)

through:穿过。指从物体中间或空间穿过。例如:

例:They walked through street after street, searching for a suitable dress.

(他们走街串巷,想找一件合适的礼服。)

over:越过。指跨过障碍物。例如:

例:The thief climbed over the wall and ran away.

3.after / behind / at the back of

after:在……以后(表示时间);在……后面(表示地点,通常指次序的先后)。例如:

例:Two days after his arrival, I called on him.

例:They went out of the hall one after another.

例:After you!请!(您先走!)

behind:在……后面。表示地点,指主体外部的后面,相对于in front of而言;它有时也表示时间,指针对某一规定时刻而迟了的意思。例如:

例:There is a river behind our school.

例:The train was behind time. (火车晚点了。)

at the back of:在……后部。表示地点,指主体内部的后部,相对于in the front of而言。例如:

例:There is a playground at the back of our school.

4.after / in

after:在……以后(当其后接一段时间或过去某一时刻时,应使用过去时态;当其后接将来某一特定时刻时,应使用将来时态)。in:在……以后(后接一段时间,以现在为起点,表示将来)。例如:

例:He will be back in two hours.

例:He will be back after two o’clock.

例:He was back after two hours.

例:He was back two hours later / after.

5.among / between

among:在……之间。一般指在三个或三个以上的同类事物中。例如:

例:The Yangtze is among the longest rivers in the world.

between:在……之间。一般指在两者之间或三者以上的每两者之间。例如:

例:I dropped it somewhere between my house and the station.

例:The tables in this restaurant are so close together that there is little room between them for people to move.

(这餐馆的桌子排得太密了,桌子与桌子之间几乎没有空间让人们移动。)